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Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is an genetic kidney disorder featured with numerous fluid-filled cysts in both of kidneys.With age, the cysts enlarge persistently and and replace more and more healthy kidney tissues. Kidney failure will be the final result.
Types of PKD
PKD can be divided into two types:autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and the less common autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease( ARPKD).
ADPKD covers up to 90% of all cases of PKD in clinic. It is also known as Adult PKD as the patients often start to develop symptoms and signs at adults between ages of 30 and 40. If one of parent has ADPKD,each child (both boy and girl) has 50% likelihood of getting the disease.
In clinic,ARPKD is rarely seen.The symptoms often appear shortly after birth,but some patients may develop symptoms later in childhood or during adolescence. If both of parents carry the diseased gene, each child will have 25% chance of getting the disease. If only one parent has the abnormal gene, the children will not be affected.
What are the symptoms of PKD?
The most common symptom of PKD is high blood pressure. Other symptoms are:
*Pain in the back and side
*Hematuria ( blood in urine)
*Frequent kidney infections
Tests and diagnosis of PKD
Several diagnostic methods should be used to get a diagnosis of PKD.
If you have symptoms of PKD or if you are at risk of the disease,an ultrasound examination will be performed.An ultrasound exam uses sound waves to create a picture of your organs and can detect cysts on the kidneys.
*CT or MRI
If you are a PKD sufferer, you are very likely to develop a brain aneurysm.CT or MRI will be recommended to check for an aneurysm.
* Renal function test
Renal function test can be done to evaluate how well your kidneys are functioning.
The above is the basic information about PKD. For more facts about the disease like PKD treatment, you can chat with our medical professional now!
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