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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is featured with gradual loss of renal function over time.This article will introduce some basic information about CKD.
What is CKD?
Chronic kidney disease includes conditions that damage your kidneys and decrease their ability.If kidney disease gets worse,wastes and extra fluids will build up in your blood and make you feel sick.Over time,you will experience a host of complications like high blood pressure,anemia, weak bones, poor nutritional health and never damage.In addition,kidney disease increases your risk of having heart and blood vessels diseases.
Five stages of CKD
Based on glomerular filtration (GFR),CKD can be divided into five stages, as the following table.
What are the causes of CKD?
There is a variety of causes of CKD,in which Diabetes and high blood pressure are responsible for up to two-thirds of the cases.Other conditions that affect the kidneys include:
*Glomerulonephritis, a group of diseases featured with the inflammation and damage to the kidney's filtering units.
*Genetic kidney diseases,such as polycystic kidney disease (PKD), alport syndrome
*Autoimmune disorders such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
*Malformations that occur as a baby develops in its mother's womb
*Obstructions caused by problems like kidney stones, tumors or an enlarged prostate gland in men.
*Repeated urinary infections.